One of the Earliest Classical Arabic Dictionaries Known:
KITAB AL-AYN كتاب العين- Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farhidi [d. 174/791]
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"The dictionary was not arranged alphabetically but rather by phonetics, following the pattern of pronunciation of the Arabic alphabet from the deepest letter of the throat ﻉ (ayn) to the last letter pronounced by the lips, that being م (mėm)"
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