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IBN ISHAQ (HISTORIAN)
Islam's Source of Prophetic Biography
 
  IBN ISHAQ's INFLUENCES   PRE - IBN ISHAQ
  Friday 16th July 622 CE = 1st AH
  INFLUENCES:    
  Islamic learnings from orthodox teachers   Urwa bin Zubayr 23 AH-94 AH
  SUB INFLUENCES:
 
Qisas (Story telling)   Umayyad Caliph Abdul Malik Consulted him
  Jewish & Christian Converts Biblical legends   No material survives, only referred to in traditions
  Arab folklore  
  Wahb bin Munabbih 34 AH -110 AH
Interest in Jewish and Christian Literature (Father was a Jew)
Ibn Qatada al Ansari d.c. 120 AH
Inconsistent with 'isnads' (chains of transmitters)
PROPHET MUHAMMAD (pbuh)
570 CE - 632 CE Shihab al Zuhri 51 AH - 124 AH
Attached to Abdul Malik (Umayyad Caliph), Hisham and Yazid
IBN ISHAQ'S GREAT GRANDFATHER Amr Bin Hazm d. 130 or 135 AH
Abu Bakr (Caliph 1)
Khiyar Ordered by Caliph Abdul Aziz to write Prophetic Hadith
632 CE - 634 CE
Ibn Naufal d. 131 or 137 AH
Umar ibn al-Khattab (Caliph 2)
634 CE - 644 CE IBN ISHAQ'S GRANDFATHER (Son of Caliph Uthman)
Yasser Musa bin Uqba 55 AH -141 AH Aban bin Uthman Maghazi's
Uthman ibn Affan (Caliph 3) Only fragments available
644 CE - 656 CE Nothing survives
Ali ibn Abi Talib (Caliph 4)
656 CE - 661 CE IBN ISHAQ'S FATHER Ibn al-Mughira
Abdul Rahman Musa Ishaq
Umayyad Caliphate
661 CE - 750 CE Collected Tales Collected tales of the past
Brothers of Ibn Ishaq. Not to be confused with the Caliphs
Abu Bakr Umar IBN ISHAQ (HISTORIAN)
Imam Abu Hanifa - 699 CE - 767 CE
Abbasid Caliphate Imam Malik 715 CE - 796 CE
750 CE -1258 CE Imam Shafi 767 CE - 820 CE Born c.704 CE Al Waqidi
Imam Hanbal 780 CE - 855 CE Madinah 748 CE - 822 CE
PATRON OF THE CALIPH Age 30
Egypt
Caliph - Al Mansur (754 CE -775 CE) Iraq
Post 754 CE
Age 50
Ibn Saad (Al Waqidi's Secretary)
Died c.767 CE
IBN ISHAQ - Shia / Strong Shia Learnings Age 63 (784 CE - 845 CE)
Clear evidence of this in his works
Accusations of 'Shi'ism' made against him
NO SURVIVING WORK - IBN ISHAQ
Al Bakkai Student Other Students (14 more) Salama b. al-Fadl Student Yunus bin Bukayr Student Harun bin Isa Student
Edited copy ONLY (Made two copies) Edited copy only
Critical revision of Ibn Ishaq's work (Recension). Critical revision of Ibn Ishaq's work (Rescension).
NO SURVIVING WORK - PERISHED MAIN WORK - PERISHED MANY EXTRACTS
IBN HISHAM (d.833 CE)
Rescension (Edited)
Critical revision of Al Bakkai's transmission of Ibn Ishaq (Recension) Ibn Al-Athir Ibn Sa'd
Usdu'l Ghaba
A copy of part of this rescension exists in the Qarawiyin mosque in Fez.
(Notorious for recording the event of
the Satanic Verses from Al-Waqidi)
Al Bakkai's Work Perished Ibn Hisham's Own Work TABARI
(838 CE - 923 CE)
(1) History of the Prophets and Kings (Tarikh al-Rusul wa al-Muluk)
a.k.a Tarikh al Tabari (English 39 Volumes + 1 Index)
(2) Commentary of the Q'uran
Survived in Copies only (Tafsir al-Tabari)
Many other sources of history (Some Examples)
Friday 16th July 622 CE = 1st AH
Ibn Abd Azraqi From his grandfather. d.c. 220 AH
ALFRED GUILLAUME
Ibn Qutayba d. 270 or 276 AH
Ibn Yahya al-Baladhuri d. 279 AH
Ibn Abd. Al Sirafari d. 368 AH
Ibn Habib al Mawardi d. 450 AH
Ibn al-Athir d. 630 AH
Ibn al-Zayyat d. 627 AH
Ibn Kathir d. 774 AH