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Messages - fadhly

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Islamic Duties / Re: Is prayer prescribed?
« on: November 22, 2011, 04:10:17 AM »
Classical authorities pick up the discussions very well and also give variant meanings to the root word D-L-K one of which is a reference to sunset.

I am not sure whether I would accept the proposition that one prays (salaat) continuously from the Zenith, all throughout the day and till the darkness of the night.

The root word D-L-K is also reference to sun rise
( http://www.studyquran.org/LaneLexicon/Volume3/00000072.pdf ):

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It is  said in [one of the works entitled] the "Nawadir el-Aarab," that dalakatialshshamsu signifies The sun became high

Using that meaning and regard 17.78, people not sleep in mid-day 'aqimi alssalata' from sun rise (wake in the morning) till the darkness of the night (sleep in the night).

People sleep in mid-day 'aqimi alssalata' in the first end of the day, sleep in mid-day, then 'aqimi alssalata' in the second end of the day and zulafan mina allayli (till sleep in the night).
 
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Hud (The Prophet Hud)

Waaqimi alssalata tarafayi alnnahari wazulafan mina allayli inna alhasanati yuthhibna alssayyiati thalika thikra lilththakireena

11:114 (Y. Ali) And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night: For those things, that are good remove those that are evil: Be that the word of remembrance to those who remember (their Lord):

'Aqimi alssalata' is a long life, and live not include sleep,

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Maryam (Mary)

WajaAAalanee mubarakan ayna ma kuntu waawsanee bialssalati waalzzakati ma dumtu hayyan

19:31 (Y. Ali) "And He hath made me blessed wheresoever I be, and hath enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live;

because sleep = die.

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Az-Zumar (The Groups)

Allahu yatawaffa alanfusa heena mawtiha waallatee lam tamut fee manamiha fayumsiku allatee qada AAalayha almawta wayursilu alokhra ila ajalin musamman inna fee thalika laayatin liqawmin yatafakkaroona

39:42 (Y. Ali) It is Allah that takes the souls (of men) at death; and those that die not (He takes) during their sleep: those on whom He has passed the decree of death, He keeps back (from returning to life), but the rest He sends (to their bodies) for a term appointed verily in this are Signs for those who reflect.

Salam.


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Islamic Duties / Re: Is prayer prescribed?
« on: November 21, 2011, 04:46:02 AM »
Therefore there is clear mention in the Quran for 'salat' (prayer) to be enjoined / prescribed on believers and at specific times / periods of the day.

In light of 17.78, the prayer is establised continously.

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Al-Isra (The Journey by Night)

Aqimi alssalata lidulooki alshshamsi ila ghasaqi allayli waqurana alfajri inna qurana alfajri kana mashhoodan

17:78 (Y. Ali) Establish regular prayers - at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony.

Salam.

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Islamic Duties / Re: Is prayer prescribed?
« on: November 21, 2011, 04:24:27 AM »
With regards to 'salata' (prayer), verse 4:103 makes use of the Arabic 'kitaban mawquta' which refers to 'prescribed' times.

I think 'prescribed' = kutiba,

and

Although 'waqt' from which 'mawqutun' is formed means a state, fixed time or a period of time,  the word 'kitaban' means prescribed / enjoined / appointed / inscribed what is written or ordained.

'kitaban' = prescription

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